How to Obtain & Keep an FFL License
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How to Apply FFL Information

How to Obtain & Keep an FFL License

Build a bulletproof business by choosing the right FFL type. Work with FFL Expert to obtain and maintain your federal firearms license. With 11 FFL types to choose from, FFL Expert will set you up with the right license and compliance solutions for your business.

License Types Schedule a Free Consultation

How to apply for a federal firearms license (FFL)

The first step to applying for an FFL is determining the best FFL type for your business. You will need to complete and submit ATF Form 7 and other documentation. The ATF will conduct a background check on all responsible persons (RP) on the application as well as an on-site inspection before accepting your license.

FFL with SOT 

FFL holders must become Special Occupational Taxpayers (SOT) to deal, manufacture or import NFA/Title II firearms. These firearms include specially regulated items like silencers, short-barreled rifles (SBRs) and full-auto machine guns.

Different classes of SOTs may engage in different activities. The tax rate for SOT registration varies, depending on how much you sold.

  1. Class 1 SOT:

    May import and deal NFA / Title II firearms

  2. Class 2 SOT:

    May manufacture and deal NFA / Title II firearms

  3. Class 3 SOT:

    May deal NFA / Title II firearms

Which FFL Do You Need in WI?

While Type 01 and Type 07 are the most common FLLs by type, there are other circumstances where another FFL type is more suitable. FFL Expert has experience obtaining and maintaining all FFLs nationwide. FFL Expert offers ATF compliance support services for maintaining your FFL.

Firearm Activity by FFL License Type

FFL TypeFirearm DealerFirearm ManufacturerFirearm Importer
Type 1 FFL         
Type 2 FFL         
Type 3 FFL         
Type 6 FFL         
Type 7 FFL         
Type 8 FFL         
Type 9 FFL         
Type 10 FFL         
Type 11 FFL         

Types of FFL Licenses

Type 01 Dealer in Firearms / Gunsmithing
Type 02 Pawnbroker in Firearms
Type 03 Collector of Curios and Relics
Type 06 Manufacturer of Ammunition for Firearms
Type 07 Manufacturer of Firearms, including NFA firearms
Type 08 Importer of Firearms and Ammunition
Type 09 Dealer in Destructive Devices
Type 10 Manufacturer of Destructive Devices
Type 11 Importer of Destructive Devices

ATF requirements for FFLs

ATF requirements for FFL applications include:

  • Be at least 21 years old
  • Not prohibited from handling firearms under federal and state laws
  • Have a physical brick-and-mortar location for your firearms business
  • Have a clean criminal record
  • Have a tax identification number (TIN) or employer identification number (EIN)
  • Pass an ATF background check
  • Comply with all state and local laws regarding firearms sales and possession

eForms wait times & filing assistance

ATF FormProcessing OfficePapereForms
Form 1: Application to Make and Register a Firearm NFA Division 45 days 40 days
Form 2: Notice of Firearms Manufactured or Imported NFA Division 14 days 7 days
Form 3: Application for Tax-Exempt Transfer of Firearm and Registration to Special Occupational Taxpayer (SOT) NFA Division 14 days 7 days
Form 4: Application for Tax Paid Transfer and Registration of Firearm NFA Division 270 days 270 days
Form 5: Application for Tax-Exempt Transfer and Registration of Firearm NFA Division 45 days 7 days
Form 6: Application and Permit for Importation of Firearms, Ammunition and Implements of War Imports Branch 6 weeks 13 days
Form 6 NIA: Application/Permit for Temporary Importation of Firearms and Ammunition by Nonimmigrant Aliens Imports Branch 6 weeks -
Form 7: Application for Federal Firearms License (FFL) FFLC 2 months -
Form 9: Application and Permit for Permanent Exportation NFA Division 14 days 7 days
Form 10: Application for Registration of Firearms Acquired by Certain Governmental Entities NFA Division 14 days 7 days
Form 3311.4: Application for Alternate Means of Identification of Firearm(s) (Marking Variance) FATD 3 months -
Form 5320.20: Application to Transport Interstate or to Temporarily Export Certain National Firearms Act (NFA) Firearms NFA Division 14 days -
Form 5400.13/5400.16: Application for Explosives License or Permit (FEL/FEP) FELC 3 months -
Form 5400.28: Employee Possessor Questionnaire (EPQ) FELC 3 months -

Learn how FFL Expert can help you get and keep your FFL - Contact us to get started.
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